Big Bang Biology

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‘…biology. That’s all about yucky, squishy things.’ – Dr. Sheldon Cooper, The Big Bang Theory.

I haven’t experimented much with typography in the past so I have set myself the project of illustrating quotes or lyrics in my spare time. This outline for this illustration was drawn out over three weeks ago but I’ve only just finished it, partly because I have been working on a project for the Noel’s Arms Freehouse but mostly because I have no tablet and so am having to use a bog-standard computer mouse and the polygonal lasso tool!

My aim for this illustration was to cram as many elements of Biology as I could into the one picture but the main focus is obviously flora and fauna so there are quite a few different species of plants and animals shoved in there. However, I’ve also included some key processes and theories that occur in nature as well:

 

Genetics, Variation and Heredity

DNA

DNA is the backbone of every living organism so it was essential to have it in the illustration, plus I enjoy drawing it. DNA is made up of two sugar-phosphate backbones coiled antiparallel around each other to create a double helix. The nitrogenous bases, often referred to as the ‘rungs’ of the DNA ladder connect the two. Their are 4 different bases in total, adenine, cytosine, thymine and guanine and these can occur in any order along the DNA chain, except that adenine can only connect to thymine and guanine can only connect to cytosine. Simplified, the order in which these pairs occur determines what amino acids are created, which in turn decides what protein is made. The protein synthesis in our bodies is responsible for everything from determining our hair colour to producing enough haemoglobin to carry oxygen around our bodies.

peas

The pea plant in the bottom left sector of the image is tied to a particular person, the ‘Father of Genetics’ Gregor Mendel. In the 19th Century, before ‘genetics’ had been discovered, Mendel noticed the subtle differences in organisms and decided to carry out experiments into heredity focusing on pea plants. At the time, the accepted process of offspring receiving their parents physical features was called ‘blending’. It was believed that a child inherited half of its physical features from the mother and half from the father which is why a child resembled both parents. This theory was disproved when Mendel crossbred tall pea plants with short pea plants and created a new generation entirely made up of tall pea plants. When this generation of plants interbred, both tall and short plants were created. Although not realised at the time, Mendel had discovered dominant and recessive alleles. Mendel published his work but because of the highly religious viewpoints at the time, his work was dismissed and only rediscovered in the early 20th century.

birds

At this point, Darwin’s Theory of Evolution was widely accepted by the scientific community, his study of the Galapagos finches and their varying beak shapes possibly being the most well-known example of the creatures he studied. He discovered that the finches had evolved to have different shaped beaks to match each island’s main food source.

Evolution

chicken

Since being accepted, the theory of evolution has studied voraciously and new discoveries are being made all the time. Dinosaur discoveries are never too far from the news and paleontology has led to many theories of how modern day animals may have evolved. The example I have used is the chicken, which is believed to have evolved from small meat-eating dinosaurs such as Compsognathus.

Lifecycles

flies

A particularly intriguing process of nature is that of transformation, or metamorphosis, seen mostly in insects but also in amphibians. The common insect life cycle is made up of 4 stages, egg, larva, pupa and adult. In my illustration I have shown the metamorphosis of maggots to casters to flies and also the transformation of a caterpillar to a chrysalis to a butterfly. The maggot scenario also shows the skull of a ram, showing the stage of death in every organism’s life cycle.

Producing offspring

 

spermatozoa

Possibly the area that Dr. Sheldon Cooper would find the yuckiest and squishiest thing in Biology! In a way, the process of reproduction in flora and fauna is pretty similar across the board and can be summed up as the connection of genetics from two separate organisms. However, both the distribution of seeds in plants and the birth processes of animals vary greatly. Plant seeds can be contained in fruit to be eaten and transported by animals, or be expelled to be carried on the air or simply be dropped from the plant to grow nearby.

eggspawn

The birth process of animals can be just as varied as some species are live bearers while other lay eggs or spawn. A particularly interesting ‘egg’ is that produced by certain species of sharks, rays and skates. This is known as a ‘mermaid’s purse’.

mermaidpurse

This is a leathery pouch that is the same as an egg in the way that it contains a yolk which the young animal uses as a food source. If there is a Sea Life Centre near you that has a breeding programme for these animals, it is worth going to see any mermaids purses they may have on display. The purses are usually held in a small tank and illuminated from behind. The translucent nature of the purse allows the viewer to see the developing organism inside and quite often the purses will be lined up to chronologically so that visitors can see the different stages of the animals’ growth.

Microbiology

blood

The world of microbiology easily contains as much variation as the natural world that can be seen with the naked eye. This area of biology was a bit awkward to include in the illustration, so I stuck to magnifying the blood to show the red blood cells and, unfortunately for whoever’s blood it is, the virus also present in the blood stream. The microscopic world really is fascinating and I hope to create some illustrations focusing on bacteria, plankton and spores in the future.

The weird and wonderful

sea slug

Nature does occasionally spit out some animals that just don’t seem to follow the normal rules of life. Nudibranchs are my favourite example. Until a couple of years ago, I never realised how many variations of sea slug there were in the world’s oceans but they really are amazing creatures. For example, a variety of sea slugs called aeolids are able to digest the stinging cells of sea anemones without coming to harm. However, instead of digesting them, the cells are passed through the slug’s body to sit just below the skin where they still bear their stinging qualities. If the sea slug is then attacked by another animal and it’s skin broken, the stinging cells of the anemone will sting the attacker and (hopefully) save the slug.

Another species of slug called Elysia chlorotica produces much of its energy through photosynthesis. The slug eats algae but instead of digesting the chloroplasts that produce the plant’s food, it utilises them, allowing them to photosynthesise within its body and thus producing food for the slug.

Sea slugs are one of my favourite animals and in my second year of university, I created a children’s book called ‘How the Sea Slug got his Suit‘. I’m planning to rewrite it a little and hopefully get it published in the future.

Sheldon’s favourite animal

softkitty

And finally, how could I create a Big Bang Theory-inspired image without including Soft Kitty?

Thanks for browsing through this post, I hope you’ve enjoyed the little facts throughout and I hope I’ve inspired you to discover more about the natural world!

 

Big Bang Biology: It’s getting there…slowly…

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As I work in a shop all day Saturday and Sunday, I have decided to label today as ‘Weekend Wednesday’ which mainly means I’ve been flopping about today, playing Monster Hunter, knitting and trying to finish this illustration that I’ve been working on intermittently for the last couple of weeks. I’d say I’m 2/3 of the way through so I’m on the final stretch now.

‘Paranoia .. … .. -. -… .-.. — — — (is in bloom)’, typography experiment

paranoiafin

 

I’m not cut out for scrap-booking, no pun intended. A few weeks ago I bought all the stuff I needed to start making a scrapbook of nice things and memories… Then this thing decided to manifest itself and take up residence on the first page. So it is now going to be my book of inspirational, illustrated quotes and lyrics instead.

This typographical-illustration experiment was inspired by the lyrics in the song Uprising by Muse, especially by the first line ‘Paranoia is in bloom’, hence the text in the image and the suspicious eyes surrounded by petals. Despite the eyes being able to see the insect-like satellites hovering around, they remain unaware of the transmitter disguised in their midst. Yep, that’s my attempt at symbolism!

And yes, the dots and dashes under ‘paranoia’ is indeed morse code, a ‘language’ that is on my list of things to learn. I’m sure it’d come in useful at some point, maybe only when I’m watching University Challenge on the BBC but never mind.

This illustration was created using fineliners and white pen on brown (scrapbook) paper. Really, I don’t know what I was thinking. I don’t even like scrap-booking.

 

Lagers, tigers and beer, beer, beer!

So here it is as promised! I’ve spent another brilliant day at The Noels Arm Freehouse creating the second sign to go front-of-house. The basis for this sign was to promote the pub as being Melton District CAMRA Pub of the Year, CAMRA being the ‘Campaign for Real Ale’ so a theme of beer and barley was in order.

This sign was amazing and nerve-wracking to create as I had to work depth and reflection into the beer glasses with a limited use of colours and no black other than the background of the board. Saying that, the finished effect works really well and I am very chuffed with it!

The best thing is that the owners are really happy and have asked me to do some signs for inside the pub as well. And they still want me to create their logo to go on the pub sign out-front! So back to sketching more ideas.

Lagers, tigers and bears… Sign 1 is complete!

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Fantastic day today, spent the majority of it in the pub… The Noel’s Arms Freehouse in Melton Mowbray have commissioned me to design and create two seasonal signs to go front-of-house, one to promote real ale and one to fit in the the upcoming rugby season. I’ve been working on the designs for a week or so but today I spent six hours making the first one come to life by using chalk pens on a black wooden board. (Confused about the tiger? The local national team are the Leicester Tigers, so the link is literally as simple as that… and I like drawing tigers).

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To tie the Rugby board in to the real ale theme I had been given, I used a limited colour scheme of yellow and orange, with red for the ERFU rose and also drew the tail so that it resembles a barley stalk. I’m really happy with how the sign turned out and I can tell the owners are pleased too as they’ve put it up already!

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Hopefully this time tomorrow I’ll be uploading the finished imagery of the second sign. Fingers crossed!

Captured with 30 seconds to spare!

diablos

Another quick doodle of a beast from the Moster Hunter series.  Before it was the Khezu, this time of the Black Diablos who was an absolute pig to defeat, even worse than the Lao Shan Lung! Caught him in the end though, with no more than 30 seconds to spare! He didn’t look quite himself by the end of the encounter though.

The doodle was created using black biro on plain computer paper.